IFSC code: All you need to know about IFSC and MICR code The Economic Times

The MICR Code found in the check details refers to Magnetic Ink Character Recognition. The MICR is used when a branch participates in the ECS Credit Scheme, allowing account holders to set up direct deposits and automated withdrawals like standing orders. You can locate the MICR Code for your bank at the bottom of any cheque in the area known as the cheque leaf. The MICR is a nine-digit identifier, found between the cheque number and your bank account number. PostGrid‘s direct mail automation platform can help you print and mail your Canadian cheques according to your bank’s standards and guidelines.

Then in combination with the account number and correct authorization, automatic deposits and withdrawals are sent. The MICR number is printed in a specific format and location on the check to make it easy for the machines to read and process the information. MICR technology has been used since the 90s and is still widely used today. As discussed earlier, printing your own cheques is very convenient, cost-effective, and quick.

Specialized MICR ink and toner enables checks and other negotiable documents to pass through high-speed readers/sorters in the check-clearing process. The machine sends a magnetic charge to the paper, and this is how it reads the routing number and account information contained within the MICR line. This info is being identified and read by special processing machines and scanners.

Specific computers can read and internalize the characters with magnetic ink even if they are covered with marks, such as bank stamps, signatures, or cancellation marks. The MICR digital numbers are sensitive to the magnetic field and are printed using technology with a special ink recognition line to allow the readability of characters. If your business is currently printing its own checks, you must use proper MICR toner or ink to ensure they are compliant with the processing procedures of the banking system.

  1. The MICR code consists of a series of numbers and special characters printed using magnetic ink, while the bank account number is typically a series of digits.
  2. When the MICR line is printed on checks and documents on demand, financial institutions eliminate the need for pre-printed checks in favor of blank check stock.
  3. The branch code is represented by the final six characters of the IFSC code.
  4. It identifies the account and facilitates financial transactions such as deposits, withdrawals, and transfers.
  5. It is primarily used by banks to expedite the processing of checks.

Combating fraud is a constant battle in the financial services industry. The definition of fraud is an intentionally deceptive action that is designed to provide the perpetrator with an unlawful gain. A range of fraud types exists, including tax fraud, credit card fraud, wire fraud, securities fraud, and bankruptcy fraud. The layout of the check and the position of the data on it must be rigidly placed so that it can be read by the machines.

How Different is MICR Code From IFSC?

The MICR Code is generally located at the bottom of each cheque leaf in your cheque book, representing a thin strip. You can also search for the MICR Code of your bank branch online. The MICR reader used in the mechanized cheque processing facilitates reading the magnetic ink characters on the cheque leaf efficiently which have been obscured by other marks like stamps and signatures. The ink used for printing MICR digits is a precise magnetic ink which makes it difficult to forge the instrument by the fraudsters. When handling business transactions, it is important to ensure you are using a magnetic ink character recognition (MICR) printer when printing checks. The MICR line is still essential to prevent check fraud and quickly facilitate routing information.

A magnetic ink character recognition line (MICR) is a line of characters printed on a check using special ink that allows a reader-sorter system to recognize the characters. It is an 11-digit alpha-numeric code which is used to identify any bank branch participating in any Reserve Bank of India (RBI) regulated funds transfer system. It helps to transfer money using RTGS (Real Time Gross Settlement), NEFT (National Electronic Funds Transfer) or IMPS (Immediate Payment Service) method. The first four digits of the IFSC represent the bank and last six characters represent the branch.

Financial contracts are regulated by the set of business laws provided in the UCC. The statute contains nine articles that tackle each aspect of banking and loans. According to the Federal Reserve and the Accredited Standards Committee, X9 Inc. for financial industry standards, a check must contain MICR for it to be treated as a cash item.

About MICR Code

Although it is for the cheque scanners to read, the line is also clearly visible to the human eye. By cross-checking all the details according to the Canadian cheque format, you can avoid cheque frauds like forfeiting. This name is of the bank account holder or the drawer of the cheque. Moreover, the MICR reader process allowed check processing to be automated while also making counterfeiting checks a bit arduous.

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The system was developed by the American Bankers Association (ABA) in the late 1950s and was later recognized as an industry standard by the American National Standards Institute. It was https://1investing.in/ adopted as the MICR standard in Argentina, France, Italy, and some other European countries. In this article, we will explore the role of the MICR code on a cheque and define what it is.

You will need to use your bank account and IFSC number to deposit or withdraw from your bank account. The primary goal here is to facilitate the recognition of the financial institution and its branch, while the bank account number is used to identify the account for financial transactions. The institution code is the next element placed towards the transit number’s right and consists of 3 digits. It provides additional information to the transit number representing the Canadian bank or financial institution with whom you have opened a bank account. MICR is a technique that aids in the authentication of the authenticity of checks and other paper documents.

This character set
consists of numerals 0 through 9, as well as four special symbols. The next three digits are the bank code, indicating which particular bank holds the checking account from which the check was issued. By using the MICR code, banks can quickly and accurately identify the account to which the funds should be credited or debited. A Magnetic Ink micr code on cheque Character Recognition (MICR) number — also called a MICR code — is a unique set of digits that appears at the bottom of checks. Thus, a MICR code can be used to uniquely identify any bank branch. For example, you can use checks to pay small businesses, make bill payments, deposit and move funds between accounts, and make a down payment on a house or car.

Credit card invoices, direct mail, coupons used for rebates, and negotiable orders of withdrawal (NOWs) may also use the technology. During the clearing process, a check may be read several times at extremely high speeds. A single reading takes less than 1/1000ths of a second, according to Troy Group, a producer of MICR-adapted printers and related products. MICR E-13B is also used to encode information in other applications, such as sales promotions, coupons, credit cards, airline tickets, insurance premium receipts, deposit tickets, and more. E-13b is the version specifically developed for offset litho printing.

The technology allows MICR readers to scan and read the information directly into a data-collection device. Unlike barcode and similar technologies, MICR characters can be read easily by humans. MICR encoded documents can be processed much faster and more accurately than conventional OCR encoded documents. The information provided by a bank through its mobile banking application, website, or banking kit serves a specific purpose and is used by both the bank and its users to facilitate and record transactions. This information is accessed through various mediums, such as mobile apps, websites, or banking kits, to make it easier to complete financial transactions.

You generally need a MICR Code while filing application documents on financial instruments like investment portfolios, lumpsum mutual funds, and SIPs. The MICR line at the bottom of a check contains the bank routing number, account number, and check number. This ink is machine-readable due to the presence of the magnetic material (just like the strip at the back of a credit or debit card). As we saw, MICR stands for “Magnetic Ink Character Recognition”. Thus, it is actually the name of the technology using which the code is printed.

Different from regular ink or laser toner, MICR ink and toner contain magnetic iron oxide, a requirement of the Federal Reserve, making check-clearing a more efficient process. This code performs the functions of a barcode for banks involved in any transaction under the Electronic Clearing System (ECS) credit. ECS Credit is used to authenticate the originality and legality of paper-based documents in the banking system. The check number is typically four digits long and is printed in the top-right corner of the check. The first three digits of the routing number indicate the city of the bank branch where the check comes from. The MICR reader machines use the MICR line to read and process checks automatically, reducing the risk of errors and speeding up the payment process.


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